آموزش وردپرس
خانه / مقالات / انگل شناسی ( تحقیق ) / Misdiagnosis of Toxocariasis

Misdiagnosis of Toxocariasis

?What is toxocariasis

Toxocariasis is an infection transmitted from animals to humans (zoonosis) caused by the parasitic roundworms commonly

(found in the intestine of dogs (Toxocara canis) and cats (T. cati

?Who is at risk for toxocariasis

Anyone can become infected with Toxocara. Young children and owners of dogs or cats have a higher chance of becoming

.infected

Approximately 13.9% of the U.S. population has antibodies to Toxocara. This suggests that tens of millions of Americans may

.have been exposed to the Toxocara parasite

Toxocariasis symptoms

Ocular toxocariasis: Ocular Toxocariasis occurs when Toxocara larvae migrate to the eye. Symptoms and signs of ocular

.toxocariasis include vision loss, eye inflammation or damage to the retina. Typically, only one eye is affected

Visceral toxocariasis: Visceral Toxocariasis occurs when Toxocara larvae migrate to various body organs, such as the liver or

central nervous system. Symptoms of visceral toxocariasis include fever, fatigue, coughing, wheezing, or abdominal pain

For a diagnosis of Toxocariasis, the following list of conditions have been mentioned in sources as possible  alternative diagnoses to consider during the diagnostic process for Toxocariasis :

  1.   Acute HIV infection
  2.    Infectious mononucleosis
  3.    Lymphoma
  4.   Malaria
  5.   Ascariasis
  6.    Retinoblastoma
  7.  Chagas disease

The other diseases for which Toxocariasis is listed as a possible alternative diagnosis in their lists include:

1)    Clonorchiasis

2)    Fascioliasis

1)  Acute HIV infection

The stages of HIV infection are acute infection (also known as primary infection), latency and AIDS. Acute infection lasts for several weeks and may include symptoms such as fever, swollen lymph nodes, inflammation of the throat, rash, muscle pain, malaise, and mouth and esophageal sores. The latency stage involves few or no symptoms and can last anywhere from two weeks to twenty years or more, depending on the individual. AIDS, the final stage of HIV infection, is defined by low CD4+ T cell counts (fewer than 200 per microliter), various opportunistic infections, cancers and other conditions.

2)  Infectious mononucleosis

The most common symptoms of mono are:

Fever

Sore throat

Enlarged lymph nodes

Enlarged neck lymph nodes

Enlarged armpit lymph nodes

Headache

Loss of appetite

Fatigue

Tiredness

Malaise

Enlarged spleen

Enlarged liver

Liver tenderness

Jaundice

Skin rash

Swelling around eyes

3)Lymphoma

Cancer symptoms are quite varied and depend on where the cancer is located, where it has spread, and how big the tumor is. Lymphoma usually first presents with swelling in the neck, underarm, or groin. Additional swelling may occur where other lymph nodes are located such as in the spleen. In general, enlarged lymph nodes can encroach on the space of blood vessels, nerves, or the stomach, leading to swollen arms and legs, to tingling and numbness, or to feelings of being full, respectively.

Lymphoma symptoms also include nonspecific symptoms such as fever, chills, unexplained weight loss, night sweats, lethargy, and itching.

4) Malaria

In the early stages, malaria symptoms are sometimes similar to those of many other infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Symptoms may include:

Fever

Chills

Headache.

Sweats.

Fatigue.

Nausea and vomiting

5)Ascariasis

Symptoms associated with roundworms in the lungs include:

coughing or gagging

vomiting roundworms

wheezing or shortness of breath

Roundworms in your intestines cause the following symptoms:

nausea

vomiting

irregular stools

stomach or abdominal pain

weight loss

Some people with a large infestation may experience other symptoms, such as fatigue and fever. A major infestation can cause extreme discomfort.

6) retinoblastoma

Signs of retinoblastoma include:

A white color in the center circle of the eye (pupil) when light is shone in the eye, such as when taking a flash photograph

Eyes that appear to be looking in different directions

Eye redness

Eye swelling

Warning: This post may be scientifically invalid.

هشدار : این مطلب ممکن است دارای ایرادات و اشکالات علمی و نوشتاری و … باشد و یا ناکافی باشد .

Research by:                                 Amir Akbari

                                        Medical laboratory science student

                                                             2014

References:

cdc.gov

Wikipedia

medicalnewstoday.com/ Written by – Peter Crosta.

mayoclinic.org

www.rightdiagnosis.com

 
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

درباره ی امیراکبری

سوابق مرتبط: عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ( و همچنین عضو افتخاری این باشگاه) عضو شورای ناظر بر نشریات دانشگاهی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران صاحب امتیاز، مدیر مسئول و سردبیر نشریه دانشگاهی علوم آزمایشگاهی پزشکی و بالینی ( 94-95) مدیر مسئول نشریه علمی علوم پزشکی "جست و جوی سلامت" ( 95 تا کنون ) موسس و مدیر گروه علوم آزمایشگاهی پزشکی و بالینی (گروهی مستقل علمی متشکل از دانشجویان علوم پزشکی ) موسس و مدیر سایت علمی آموزشی پزشکی و سلامت MACLS (Mediclal And Clinical Laboratory Science) دانشجوی ممتاز علوم آزمایشگاهی تشخیص طبی (خبرگزاری نیویدار ) دانشجوی برتر حوزه علوم پزشکی ( خبرگزاری ایسنا ) کسب کننده عنوان نفر اوّل رشته واحد پزشکی تهران (خبرگزاری آنا ) نویسنده سری مقالات علمی و آموزشی علوم پزشکی در نشریات علمی تقدیر شده به عنوان مدیرمسئول نشریه برگزیده کشور در شاخه علوم پزشکی (خبر گزاری آنا)

سوال یا نظری دارید؟ بنوبسید

263 نظر در مورد "Misdiagnosis of Toxocariasis"

avatar
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Thanks and Praises
Guest

Here are several of the websites we advocate for our visitors

Online Chat Rooms
Guest

one of our guests recently suggested the following website

sheds
Guest

below you will uncover the link to some web-sites that we believe you must visit

HP0-Y164 Exam Questions
Guest

whoah this weblog is magnificent i really like
reading your articles. Keep up the good work! You
realize, many persons are hunting around for this information, you could help them greatly.

diet plans for women to lose weight
Guest

I am regular visitor, how are you everybody?

This article posted at this web page is truly pleasant.

Hornhautentferner
Guest

I’m curious to find out what blog system you happen to be
using? I’m experiencing some small security
problems with my latest blog and I’d like to find something more safe.
Do you have any suggestions?

ares free music downloads
Guest

Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your
useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

hair salon in azusa
Guest

It’s actually a great and useful piece of info.
I’m glad that you just shared this helpful information with us.
Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

Hugh Laney
Guest

How can I create a demo for a template in Joomla?

online paid surveys
Guest

This piece of writing is truly a good one it assists new net viewers,
who are wishing in favor of blogging.

credit card terminals
Guest

When someone writes an piece of writing he/she retains the plan of a user in his/her mind that how a user can know it.
So that’s why this post is amazing. Thanks!

minuman berenergi
Guest

Aw, this was an incredibly nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort
to create a great article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

pienis enlargement
Guest

The penis enlargement pumps are only safe when used with caution. For instance, walk
in bath is consists of an arrangement where you can simply walk in the bathtub instead of climbing
over the edge that is very difficult and risky for disabled or elderly
people. If you wish to buy Bathmate, it is a good idea indeed to know everything about it.

quest bars
Guest

It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or
suggestions. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
I want to read even more things about it!

buy soundcloud plays
Guest

one of our visitors not too long ago encouraged the following website

copy trade profit review
Guest

I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up!
I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future.
Many thanks

Marsim Realty
Guest

please go to the internet sites we adhere to, such as this 1, as it represents our picks through the web

Multifamily buildings
Guest

check below, are some totally unrelated web-sites to ours, nevertheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use

Real Estate Agent
Guest

Every the moment inside a when we pick blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most current web pages that we choose

buy soundcloud plays
Guest

just beneath, are many totally not related web sites to ours, on the other hand, they are surely really worth going over

fare un blog
Guest

Here is a superb Weblog You might Locate Intriguing that we Encourage You

entra
Guest

always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but do not get lots of link adore from

the language of desire free
Guest

Another the language of desire free download pattern you have dry mouth.
If you make progress Not the language of desire
free download food itemsEven small weight losses have shown that tea drinkers recover more quickly and easily.

office rental
Guest

Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful article.
Thanks for supplying this info.

cheap philipp plein t shirts
Guest

Itˇs truly a nice and useful piece of info. Iˇm satisfied that you just shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

copy trade profit review
Guest

Excellent website. Lots of useful information here. I’m sending
it to a few friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And obviously,
thank you in your effort!

YO INVENTE EL SEO BASTARDO
Guest

Heya! I realize this is somewhat off-topic however I needed to ask.
Does running a well-established blog like yours require a lot of
work? I’m completely new to blogging but I do write in my journal on a daily basis.
I’d like to start a blog so I can share my own experience and feelings online.
Please let me know if you have any kind of recommendations or
tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

aircon
Guest

WOW just what I was looking for. Came here by searching for plumbing

photo booth
Guest

Thanks for some other informative blog. Where else may I am getting
that kind of info written in such an ideal method?

I’ve a mission that I’m just now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance
out for such info.

public relations
Guest

After I initially commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me
when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment
is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment.
There has to be a means you are able to remove me
from that service? Thank you!

gameplay
Guest

In fact no matter if someone doesn’t know afterward its up to other visitors that they will help, so here
it happens.

wedding rings birmingham jewellery quarter
Guest

I’m not sure where you are getting your information, but great topic.
I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this info for my mission.

movie2k.biz
Guest

Thе next report ԝill Һelp үou find out which types of activity engage іn job Ьеst forr үoս.
Games ɑге loved ƅy а variety οf people. Video games ϲɑn ɑlso assist ʏߋu
іn gеtting a lߋt morre lively, ose weight ߋr remember tо brush սp
ߋn other abilities. Ιf үoս агe searching foг ɑ partiсular video game tо
buy Ƅսt desire to purchase іt on tҺе
verү ƅеst price probable, mаke սsе of thhe “shopping”

Arvind Pandit
Guest

please check out the websites we follow, such as this 1, as it represents our picks from the web

restoration
Guest

that would be the finish of this report. Here you

larva
Guest

This Fallout New Vegas Armors Locations Guide inludes all
Armors in Fallout New Vegas, Armors Locations is very helpful to Fallout New Vegas gamers to complete those Companions easily.

There are two types of RFID tags: active and passive. The elites
might prove to be a challenge, but you’re almost home free by that point.

Trade Italian cheeses
Guest

Thanks for another informative blog. The place else may just I get that type of info written in such a perfect method?
I’ve a mission that I am simply now working on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such info.

Deana
Guest

I needed to thank you for this good read!! I definitely
loved every little bit of it. I have you book marked to check out new things you
post…

eduards blog über beruhigungsmittel
Guest

Just desire to say your article is as surprising.
The clarity in your post is just great and i could assume you’re an expert
on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to
date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and
please keep up the rewarding work.

jeux telecharger aventure
Guest

Gamers can create their own maps far easier than Console games.
From scheming to strategy, from the polished to the
fun and quick, there is something for everyone here, including game reviews from our enthusiastic player-writers.
Amnesia: The Dark Descent earns our not-even-vaguely coveted ‘Sariest
Game of 2010 award’.

Jeunesse global distributor
Guest

Hello are using WordPress for your site platform?
I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started
and create my own. Do you need any coding knowledge to make your own blog?

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

mobile phones lagos
Guest

just beneath, are various totally not connected web pages to ours, nonetheless, they are certainly really worth going over

used mobile phones lagos
Guest

Here are a few of the sites we advise for our visitors

used mobile phones lagos
Guest

The details mentioned within the article are a few of the most effective available

scented jar candle
Guest

It’s going to be ending of mine day, except before
finish I am reading this impressive piece of writing to improve my knowledge.

audio-streaming
Guest

Here are a number of the web pages we suggest for our visitors

ביטוח סיעודי
Guest

Generally I don’t read post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up
very pressured me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me.
Thanks, very great article.

a1 shipping
Guest

one of our guests lately recommended the following website

cialis
Guest

the time to read or visit the content material or web sites we have linked to beneath the

Registered Nurse
Guest

we came across a cool website that you just may possibly love. Take a look when you want